CSci 120 - Lecture 17
© Morris Firebaugh
A. Chapter 12 - Issues and Trends in Multimedia
B. Copyright Issues
C. Privacy and Censorship
D. Using HTML Editor
II. Copyright Issues
Copyright laws are designed to protect intellectual property right
- The problem is that duplication has become so easy
- Videotapes and videodiscs can be rented and digitized by computer
- TV programs can be captured and edited by computer
- Scanners can duplicate printed material, photos, and slides
- Computers can capture and digitize audio material
- Options for multimedia developers obtaining content legally
- Acquiring rights to copyrighted material
- Using non-copyrighted or public domain material
- Creating the material in-house
- Contracting for original material
1. Acquiring rights to copyrighted material
- This can be a complicated process
- Must determine which rights are needed [author, publisher, foundation, charitable organization]
- Must identify who is authorized to transfer rights
- Must negotiate license fees [e.g., 10¢ - 30¢/title]
- This can be a time-consuming and expensive process
- Estimate it consumed about 20% of the effort in producing Perspectives on Energy [Ruedisili & Firebaugh, © 1975, 1978, 1982 by Oxford University Press, Inc.]
- Some companies have emerged whose purpose is to provide content and clear the copyrights [for a fee]
2. Using material in the public domain
- Most government information is in the public domain
- Copyrights expire and material enters the public domain (after 75 years)
- Exceptions include:
- Derivative works - translations, adaptations, or dramatizations
- Trademarks - generally recognized symbol registered with the U.S. government
- People - Right of Publicity includes use of a person's name, image, or persona
III. Privacy and Censorship
- Consider the files that probably exist on you personally:
- Social security
- Bank accounts
- Medical records
- Dental records
- Educational records
- Credit rating
- Credit card information
- IRS Tax information
- State income tax information
- Real estate tax information
- Military draft information
- Court petitions
- Insurance claims
- Professional organization records
- Political contribution lists
- Memberships in charitable organizations
- Membership in religious organizations
- Records of catalog wholesalers
- E-mail records
- The nub of the problem: If all these records were combined, the result would be a remarkably detailed picture of you and your lifestyle
In 1994 a CD-ROM was distributed that contained more than 2 million Oregon driver's license records, including each person's vital statistics and Social Security number.
- Should we censor material of the following type (and if so, who does it?)
- Antiestablishment rhetoric
- Instructions for bomb making
- Address and family names of abortion doctors
- Your author discusses an interesting case study of Apple and Voyager's Who Built America CD-ROM
IV. Using HTML Editor
The Internet is still the best source of information about the Internet
- This lecture was prepared using HTML Editor and GoLive Cyber Studio
- For more information on HTML Editors, use AltaVista to search for
- This query produces about 10,000 references. The seventh one gives the following URLs:
Go to HTML_Editor Documentation
The following features are supported by HTML Editor:
- simple text editing.
- edit text of size > 32K.
- insertion of common HTML 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, and Netscape tags through button clicks, menu selections, and key strokes.
- styled text to indicate styles a browser may use when viewing a document. These styles can be edited.
- undo and redo of basic tag insertion.
- editable palette of user tags.
- single key strokes for insertion of HTML escape codes for composed characters.
- find and replace commands for text editing.
- edit list of URLs from the current document.
- setting of a root directory for the URL of a local file.
- standard file dialog for constructing the URL of a local file.
- switch to a browser such as Netscape, Mosaic or MacWeb with the click of a button.
- switching to a browser will open a browse window for the current document.
- hide tags for a quick document preview.
- restyle complete document.
- automatic styling of documents from other applications.
- conversion of UNIX and DOS text files to Macintosh text.
- conversion of non-ASCII characters from a text file or the clipboard to HTML escape
- codes for composed characters.
- support for Internet Config Preferences.
- support for Menu Sharing.
- command-click launch of selected URL.
Demonstration of HTML Editor
- Embedding Graphics
- Creating Links
V. Class Field Trip
Tuesday, November 21, 2-4 p.m. we visit the production studios of:
This company generates famous MM titles:
Directions to get there:
VI. Laboratory Assignment # 9